Bougainvillea Plant Guide

A Bougainvillea plant makes a wonderfully colorful garden plant, where it climbs vigorously over a patio or fence. It can also be an indoor plant or even trained into a bougainvillea bonsai. These articles will give you all the information you need about the history of bougainvillea, the available colors, growing bougainvillea plants successfully, how to identify bougainvilleas and the pruning of bougainvilleas. Learn everything you need to know about successfully growing a bougainvillea tree or a potted specimen.

Bougainvillea Plant:

The colorful bougainvillea plant is favored in many countries around the world where it is grown in the open garden, as a climber to cover fences, pergolas and patios, as a trimmed pot specimen, as an indoor plant and as bonsai. Although the bougainvillea is from the sub-tropics, it can be grown in cooler areas if a warm, sunny position is selected. In cold regions, indoor bougainvilleas are popular as they provide lovely color inside the home.
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Bougainvillea Bonsai:

Bonsai is the ancient Japanese art of trimming and shaping miniature trees to grow in small, shallow pots and mimic the growth of the natural plant. Bougainvillea bonsai are easy to grow, shape and train as they don't mind regular pruning. You can buy a started bougainvillea bonsai or create your own from a nursery plant and create whatever shape of bonsai bougainvillea you want. The colorful blooms of the bougainvillea look wonderful on these miniature trees.
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Bougainvillea Colors:

There is a wide range of bougainvillea colors available today and these have all been hybridized from the two bougainvillea species. The original colors of the bougainvillea have been extended to include shades of red, orange and yellow, white, mauve and purple, and as many shades of pink as you can imagine. These cultivars come in compact plants for growing in pots as well as the original vigorous climber that bougainvilleas originally were in their native South America.
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Bougainvillea Pruning:

Bougainvillea plants accept pruning very well and so it is possible to achieve a variety of styles when growing this colorful plant. Use different bougainvillea pruning techniques to train the plant over a fence or patio, to grow a bougainvillea hedge, to train a potted specimen into a showy standard or to shape a bougainvillea bonsai. Regular pruning of bougainvilleas increases the blooms, maintains a bushy plant and keeps the plant healthy and growing well.
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Bougainvillea Tree:

A row of bougainvillea trees along a driveway looks spectacular when in bloom. It is not difficult to shape the vigorous growth of the bougainvillea into a standard; it just needs regular pruning to create a bushy top crowning a single stem or a twisted trunk. Tip pruning encourage side shoots which make the bougainvillea tree bushy at the top and promotes extra flowers at the same time. Pruning is best done after a flowering cycle for the best results.
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Identify Bougainvillea Plants:

The bougainvillea is most easily identified by the colorful blooms, which are not actually flowers but a modified leaf. These are quite distinctive and make it easy to identify bougainvillea plants when they are in bloom. The color of the blooms now includes all shades of pink, red, mauve, yellow and even white. Bougainvilleas are strong climbers and will quickly cover a fence or patio with long, straight vine-like branches. The thorns along the stems are another way to identify the bougainvillea.
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Growing Bougainvilleas:

Growing bougainvilleas is not difficult once you understand about the growing conditions the plants need to be healthy. Being a sub-tropical plant, bougainvilleas love the warmth and sunshine, both of which are necessary to get the profusion of spectacular blooms that the plant is renowned for. You can grow bougainvilleas in the garden or in a pot and even as a bonsai by following bougainvillea growing tips regarding growing position, warmth, water, pruning and fertilizer.
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Bougainvillea Plant History:

This wonderful garden plant originates from South America and the first European to see one was a French naturalist and explorer named Philibert Commercon in 1768. He named the new plant after the French mathematician and explorer, Admiral Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, whose name has been given to different places around the world. Bougainvilleas were planted in Botanic Gardens in Jamaica in 1775 and they soon found their way into European gardens and parks. Today, many hybrids have been developed which have extended the range of bougainvillea colors.
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Bougainvillea Bonsai Care:

The colorful bougainvillea plant is an ideal specimen for growing and training as a bonsai plant. The colorful blooms look fantastic when they appear on the miniature tree growing in a tiny pot or dish. These bonsai bougainvillea care tips include keeping the plant at the best temperature, watering needs, pruning, fertilizing and training of the bonsai. Although bougainvillea is a sub-tropical plant, you can keep a bonsai plant of the species successfully in cooler climates.
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